Melissa Lukings and Arash Habibi Lashkari

** Melissa Lukings is a senior JD student in the Faculty of Law at the University of New Brunswick (UNB) and former graduate of Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN) holding a BA in Linguistics. She has a particular interest in cybersecurity and privacy law, criminal law, and grassroots community organizations - specifically those focusing on equality and inclusion, human rights, violence prevention, harm reduction, and / or relating to equal and equitable access to justice. **** Dr. ARASH HABIBI LASHKARI is a senior member of the IEEE and an Associate Professor in Cybersecurity at York University. Prior to this, he was an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Computer Science, University of New Brunswick (UNB), and research coordinator of the Canadian Institute for Cybersecurity (CIC). He has over 23 years of academic and industry experience. He has received 15 awards at international computer security competitions - including three gold awards - and was recognized as one of Canada’s Top 150 Researchers for 2017. He also is the author of ten published books and more than 100 academic articles on a variety of cybersecurity-related topics. In 2020, he was recognized with the prestigious Teaching Innovation Award for his personally-created teaching methodology, the Think-Que-Cussion Method. He is the author of 12 published books and more than 100 academic papers on various cybersecurity-related topics. He is the founder of the Understanding Cybersecurity Series (UCS), an ongoing research and development project culminating with a varied collection of online articles and blogs, published books, open-source packages, and datasets tailored for researchers and readers at all levels. His first two books in this series are entitled "Understanding Cybersecurity Management in FinTech - Challenges, Strategies, and Trends" and "Understanding Cybersecurity Law and Digital Privacy - A Common Law Perspective," published by Springer in 2021. The first online blog series of UCS entitled "Understanding Canadian Cybersecurity Laws", was recognized with a Gold Medal at the 2020 Canadian Online Publishing Awards (COPA). His research focuses on cyber threat modeling and detection, malware analysis, big data security, internet traffic analysis, and cybersecurity dataset generation.

Understanding current cybersecurity challenges in law: balancing responsibilities in digital content censorship (Article 4)

In this article, we will outline the foundations of digital content censorship, the arguments for and against the use of legislation for censorship and describe the polarizing challenges which continue to arise in legislative reform work, using Canada as an example of the approaches being considered.

Understanding current cybersecurity challenges in law: determining online jurisdictional authority (Article 3)

This is the third article in our six-part series. In this article, we will discuss the complexities of determining jurisdiction in international law, with a specific emphasis on cybercrime and issues pertaining to internet law which occur between legal jurisdictions.

Understanding current cybersecurity challenges in law: digital governance and social responsibility meet user-generated content (Article 2)

This is the second article in our new six-part series. In this article, we will examine the concept of digital governance, governance strategies, and the relation between digital governance, data sovereignty, and law around the world.

Understanding current cybersecurity challenges in law: data sovereignty & cross-border data transfers (Article 1)

This article is the first in our new six-part series. Here, we will set the stage for our much more detailed future exploration of some of the current important issues relating to cybersecurity, and the law.

Understanding Canadian Cybersecurity Laws: refactored — our series in summary

In this article we revisit our previous nine articles, outlining the topics covered in each to provide a full picture of the scope of our series. This is our final article in the Understanding Canadian Cybersecurity Laws series.

Understanding Canadian Cybersecurity Laws: Legislative Modernization — Responding and Adapting to Technological Change in a Global Domain (Article 9)

In this article, we will discuss the Digital Charter Implementation Act, 2020, which was tabled by the government on November 17, 2020, along with its progeny: the Consumer Privacy Protection Act (CPPA) and the Personal Information and Data Tribunal Act.

Understanding Canadian Cybersecurity Laws: Measuring up — Outlining existing federal cybersecurity legislation in Canada, the UK, Australia, and the US (Article 8)

In this article, we will outline the relevant national privacy and cybersecurity-related laws currently in effect in the United Kingdom, Australia, and the United States, as fellow common law countries.

Understanding Canadian cybersecurity laws: Deep, dark, and undetectable – Canadian jurisdictional considerations in global encrypted networks (Article 7)

In this article, we will discuss the legal issues relating to encrypted online criminal activities, specifically those involving or facilitated by the use of Dark Web browsers and cryptocurrencies.

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